Nürnberger family violin bow, circa 1910
Regarded as one of the greatest German makers of the 19th century, fifth generation bow maker Franz Albert Nürnberger (1854-1931) worked in Markneukirchen, where he built bows based on those of the acclaimed French maker, François Xavier Tourte. Franz Albert's model was further refined by his son, Carl Albert (1885-1971), who built and exported bows bearing the stamp "Albert Nürnberger" for the United States market.
Sixth generation bow maker Carl Albert Nürnberger (1885-1971) is one of the most important German makers of the 20th century. He studied in Markneukirchen under his father, Franz Albert Nürnberger (1854-1931), who modeled bows on those of the acclaimed French maker, François Xavier Tourte. Working with his brother Philip Paul (1882-1946), Carl Albert further refined their father's model, and exported the bows to the United States, labeling them "Albert Nürnberger." Nürnberger bows were extremely sought-after and owned by leading players of the 20th century, including Eugène Ysaÿe, Jan Kubelik, Fritz Kreisler, and David Oistrakh.